1. American Thoracic Society. Lung Function Testing: Selection of Reference Values and Interpretative Strategies. Am Rev Respir Dis 1991; 144:1202-1218.
2. Knudson RJ, et al. Changes in the Normal Maximal Expiratory Flow-Volume Curve with Growth and Aging. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127:725-734.
This program attempts to follow the strategies described in the above papers.
This site may be used as a teaching adjunct for physicians, pulmonary function technologists, or respiratory care practitioners. Actual interpretation of spirometry should be done by fully qualified individuals with expertise in all areas of pulmonary function.